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  • Dr. Kashif Rizvi Lecture - Thyroid Dysfunctions

Dr. Kashif Rizvi Lecture - Thyroid Dysfunctions

Topic:

Thyroid dysfunction

Department: 

Internal Medicine

 

Speaker:

DR. Kashif Rizvi

Consultant Internal Medicine; Endocrinology & Diabetology

 

Health awareness and patient education event was organized by New Mowasat Hospital, by the Internal medicine, diabetology and endocrinology department. Dr. Kashif Risvi the internal medicine consultant presented the Thyroid dysfunction syndrome.

Thyroid diseases occur when the thyroid secretes too little or too much thyroid hormone. Thyroid disease is diagnosed by reviewing symptoms, completing a physical exam, and taking a blood test that measures the levels of TSH, T4, and T3 in your blood.

Hypothyroidism is a disease that occurs when the body does not make enough thyroid hormone. Most often this is diagnosed between the ages of 30 and 60 years. There are many symptoms commonly associated with hypothyroidism which may include fatigue; weight gain; constipation; decreased pulse rate; cold intolerance; diminished reflexes; goiter (an enlarged thyroid gland); dry skin; dry hair; hair loss; brittle nails; depression; decreased libido; menstrual irregularities; decreased fertility; muscle aches; swelling of eyelids, hands, and feet; and elevated cholesterol levels.

Hyperthyroidism is the opposite of hypothyroidism; it is a condition in which the body makes too much thyroid hormone. It occurs most frequently in women who are in their 20s. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is a disorder called Graves disease. The disorder, which causes an overproduction of the thyroid hormone, has a tendency to cause more prominent, bulging eyes.

There are certain factors that relate to a higher incidence of thyroid disease, such as family member with a thyroid problem, pituitary or endocrine disease, age 60 years or older, menopause, and smoking